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Industry and Manufacturing - ESL

Updated: Feb 28

A technique that ensures the functioning of a machine or a group of machines with no human assistance

Autonomous work team

A unit of about ten people who are entrusted with the execution of a task, and whose entire responsibility is assigned to this team


A person who undertakes the execution of a work by a company contract


Ratio of usable energy supplied by a machine compared to the actual energy provided to it


Overall study of an industrial project in its technical, economic and financial characteristics


Factories and their machinery where various products are manufactured


The different types of economic activity that combine the elements of production


Sales projections by product range and optimisation of resources to use


Manual or mechanical processing and moving of goods for storage, shipment or sale


Workers hired in the execution of a given task


The management of material flows and resources for the production of a factory


The sustaining or restoring equipment to a predetermined state so as to ensure its capacity to fulfil the intended task


Owner of a craft or industrial production company

Multi-skilled worker

A worker who has the skills to carry out tasks in one or more branches of the industry

Organised labour

An organisation which ensures the collective and individual defence of workers’ rights


Ensuring the production of a material, an ore, a product or a service


Exceeding of a machine or a system’s actual capacity


The process of transforming a raw material into a new product

Temporary worker

A worker temporarily hired by a company to fill in for an absent employee on an ad hoc basis

Cement works

A plant that is specialised in concrete manufacturing


A plant for the production of liquor-based products

Flour mill

Industrial plant for the transformation of seeds into flour


Workshop where metals and alloys are mechanically transformed by heat or cold processing


A foundry is a plant used to manufacture steel in bulk, into the shape of semi-manufactured products


Big industrial plants, grouping in the same workshop several equipments, each of them being controlled by a single manager, carrying out various processes for the same production

Paper mill

A factory specialising in the processing of raw materials such as wood or other fibrous materials into paper


A plant where raw materials are transformed into finished products, such as sugar, oil...

Spinning mill

A factory that manufactures textile fabrics into threads


Factory where steel is produced


A place used as a shelter, for storing goods

Wire drawing

Factory where steel is stretched into wire


Section of a factory where workers are doing the same task

Manufacturing Vocabulary Words



Construction industry

A business of varying size that carries out building or civil infrastructure work

Consumer good

A manufactured product destined for the final consumer

Finished product

An article manufactured or modified by a business from the raw materials


Head of a business processing raw materials into finished goods


A mechanical equipment for executing a manufacturing or other repetitive task with appropriate precision and power

Mass production

A method of manufacturing in which products are linearly moved from station to station until they take their final shape

Motor industry

A business that closely links together embedded producers, developers, assemblers, principals and sub-suppliers, as well as vehicles fit-out service providers

Oil industry

A business which covers the oil and gas industry chain from the source to the consumer


Wrapping a product so that it can be stored, sold, used and consumed in the best possible way


A building or complex of buildings for industrial production


It is the purchase of goods, materials, pieces, etc. to be resold, transformed or stored

Production line

The whole manufacturing processes required to create a finished product, from raw materials to market release

Raw material

All primary resources used in the creation or processing of a final or manufactured product


Quantity of goods in storage to sustain business activity


When a company’s stocks are insufficient to meet demand

A Short Story: The Adventures of the Autonomous Work Team

Once upon a time, in the bustling world of manufacturing, there was a remarkable place known as the "Autonomous Work Team Kingdom." This kingdom was made up of skilled individuals who formed a unit of about ten people. Their unique superpower?

They could ensure the functioning of machines with no human assistance!

One day, the Autonomous Work Team received a special mission from the wise Contractor. The task was to transform raw materials into a finished product at the extraordinary Cement Works, a plant specialized in concrete manufacturing. The team was excited, and their efficiency was unmatched.

As they entered the majestic Cement Works, they marveled at the engineering marvels around them. The facilities were like a playground of machinery, where various products were manufactured. The team split into different fields, combining their skills to carry out tasks in the world of concrete creation.

The wise Contractor had provided a forecast, outlining the sales projections and optimization of resources to use. The team, like a group of superheroes, embraced the challenge of handling the manual and mechanical processing required for the task. Each member was a multi-skilled worker, capable of carrying out tasks in more than one branch of the industry.

Logistics played a crucial role as the team managed material flows and resources for the production of the Cement Works. They worked tirelessly, ensuring that the operation went smoothly and efficiently, transforming raw materials into the desired finished product.

But, as with any adventure, challenges arose. There was a temporary worker who joined the team, filling in for an absent member on an ad hoc basis. The team, being an organized labor force, welcomed the new member and ensured collective and individual defense of workers' rights.

The journey through the Cement Works took them past various manufacturing wonders – the Distillery producing liquor-based products, the Flour Mill transforming seeds into flour, and the Forge where metals were shaped by heat or cold processing.

As the Autonomous Work Team reached the end of their mission, they reflected on the importance of maintenance. It was crucial to sustain and restore equipment to a predetermined state, ensuring its capacity to fulfill the intended task. The Cement Works, like many other manufacturing plants, was a place where raw materials were transformed into new products, a true production wonderland.

And so, the adventures of the Autonomous Work Team continued, as they explored different manufacturing realms, always ready for new challenges, with the spirit of teamwork, efficiency, and a touch of magic!

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